Gamma Petroleum Services

Iraq - North Africa

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Pipeline Inspection Using Eddy Current Array

Service inspection of pipeline

is a challenging yet crucial operation, particularly for pipes buried under ground. After scanning the pipeline from the inside with the proper equipment, sections that present any anomalies are excavated. Once the specific section of the pipeline is accessible, the entire surface of the exposed pipe is sand-blasted until the coating is completely removed. Traditional surface inspections such as magnetic particle inspection (MPI) require this kind of intensive coating-removal preparation procedure.

Detecting surface breaking cracks, including stress corrosion cracking (SCC), even though the technique has been used for pipeline inspection for decades without any major advancement.

MPI method also presents some significant

Disadvantages: the reliability of results is highly dependent on operator skill; when it's raining, outdoor inspection is problematic; and there is no result traceability or information on the depth of flaws that are detected.

However, these weaknesses can be resolved by using a different.

Eddy Current Array

Eddy Current Array Semi automated Solution for Pipeline Surface Cracking Inspection.

Gamma offers a variety of solutions solutions for surface crack detection on ferromagnetic material.

One of these solutions is based on existing equipment. Gamma customers already use for PA weld Inspection, The Omni Scan MX, the Hydro FORM scanner and the CHAIN scanner. Here is how it works: First, the Hydro FORM buggy, which is equipped with a specially designed ECA probe, is attached to the CHAIN scanner. Then, the scanner and probe assembly is connected to the Omni Scan MX with the ECA module. This equipment combination enables two-axis mapping of the inspected area of the pipeline. Unlike MPI, ECA inspection is able to record data for advanced reporting and result traceability. Detection sensitivity can be adjusted to show the severity of the indication or to set an inspection threshold that will reject a specific defect depth. According to the capacity of the CHAIN scanner,this solution is applicable to pipes ranging from 1.75 to 38 in. OD.

XY Mapping Principle On Pipes With The Hydro Form And CHAIN Scanner.

Scan For Stress Corrosion Cracking

Calibration over reference material and specific EDM notches.
Advantages of Eddy Current Array Over The Standard Surface Inspection Methods:

Using eddy current array (ECA) technology for stress corrosion cracking helps keep surface preparation to a minimum.

With acquisition speeds of up to two meters per second, performing an inspection with ECA is also extremely fast.

Instrument calibration is very simple; all that is required is a material sample with target defect to ensure that the sensitivity is adjusted properly.

Setup files can be saved and easily recalled for subsequent jobs. The data recording function permits post-process analysis as well as data archiving, and reports can be easily created directly on the instrument.

• Major time savings when compared with MPI.

• Intuitive imaging, very similar to MPI and PT displays.

• Solution uses existing standard phased array scanner.

• Result traceability and post-process analysis.

• High scan speed and instant results.

• Defect depth evaluation capability.

• Adjustable sensitivity.

• Environment-friendly method (no chemicals involved).

Equipment Required:

• Omni Scan ECA
• Omni Scan MX mainframe (which can also be
  Used for phased array inspection).
• C-scan view.
• Battery operated.
• Drives up to 32 channels and up to 64  
  Channels with an external multiplexer.
• Encoded or time-based scan.
• Data and setup recording.


• Robust probe design to fit in the Hydro FORM
• 32-channel probe.
• Omnidirectional sensitivity.
• Absolute-mode signal for easy interpretation.

ECA Probe

• ECA probe mounted in the Hydro FORM 
  buggy Replacement of Traditional NDT 
  Methods with ECAEddy current array easily 
  replaces traditional NDT methods such as MPI 
  and PT for surface inspection. 
• ECA provides imaging that is similar to these
  traditional techniques but with more  
• Rejection criteria can be adjusted so that it is
  based on probe sensitivity, a feature that is unavailable
  with the traditional methods.

NDT Methods, Facilitating The Interpretation Of ECA Signals.

Scan using a standard ECA probe that features the same color representation as the red dye PT (patent rights protected) .

The sensitivity can be adjusted to reveal more or fewer defects. A Variety of Familiar Color-Palette Choices Offering More Possibilities The MXE 3.0 ECA software features a range of patented intuitive color-palette representations that replicate the look of traditional NDT methods, facilitating the interpretation of ECA signals.

Part inspected with penetrant testing (visible red dye)

Penetrant testing(fluorescent)

Magnetic particle(black powder)

Magnetic particle(fluorescent)

Examples of sensitivity adjustments that can be done using ECA method.

Adjustment of the new MXE 3.0 selection cursors is very intuitive, allowing the user to quickly select any indication.

Corrections can be easily done on recorded data. Above example shows gain (contrast) adjustment

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API Courses

• API 570 Authorized Piping Inspector 
  preparation course
• API 510 Authorized Pressure Vessel Inspector 
  preparation course
• API 653 Authorized Tank Inspector 
  preparation course
• API 577 Advanced Knowledge in
  Welding inspection & Metallurgy
• API 571 Advanced Knowledge in 
  Corrosion Damage mechanisms
• API 580 Risk Based Inspection
• API 579 Fitness for Service


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